What is FNMA in Commercial Real Estate?
FNMA, or Fannie Mae Mortgage Association, is a U.S. government sponsored enterprise that focuses on expanding housing opportunities across the United States. To do so, it purchases residential mortgages from lenders and securitizes, or pools them, into mortgage-backed securities. While Fannie Mae does not offer direct commercial real estate loans, investors can rent a certain amount of commercial space if they use an FNMA loan to purchase a multifamily property.
For example, apartments purchased with a Fannie Mae DUS loan are permitted to have up to 35% of their property's space occupied by commercial tenants. Or, they can derive 20% of the property's income from commercial sources (whichever is less).
Popular Fannie Mae Multifamily Loans
Some of the most popular kinds of Fannie Mae multifamily loans include:
Fannie Mae DUS Loans: The most popular multifamily loan program offered by Fannie Mae, the DUS program allows for loans of $3 million or above.
Fannie Mae Multifamily Small Loans: These multifamily loans are sized between $750,000 and $5 million, and offer streamlined underwriting and documentation requirements.
Fannie Mae Affordable Housing Loans: With a minimum loan size of $1 million, this program is designed especially for properties using the Section 8 Housing Assistance Program (HAP), projects with expiring LIHTC tax credits, or projects using other, specific, affordable housing arrangements.
Fannie Mae Senior Housing Loans: With a minimum loan size of $5 million, these loans are available to independent living, assisted living, and Alzheimer’s/Dementia care projects for senior citizens.
Fannie Mae Multifamily Loan Terms
While terms vary significantly with different loan products, most Fannie Mae Multifamily loans have the following terms:
Leverage: Maximum 80% LTV
DSCR: 1.15-1.30 minimum DSCR
Recourse: Non-recourse, standard carve-outs apply
Loan Term: 5-30 years
Freddie Mac Also Insures Multifamily Loans
In addition to Fannie Mae, its brother corporation, Freddie Mac, also purchases and insures multifamily mortgages, including some that allow for a degree of commercial property use. For example, properties purchased with a Freddie Mac Small Balance Loan (SBL), can derive up to 40% of their income from commercial rents.