Permanent financing options for commercial real estate include life company, bank, and, in some cases, CMBS loans. Bank loans and life company loans are typically fully amortizing, while CMBS loans are only fully amortizing in select cases.
Permanent Senior Debt for Commercial Real Estate
Commercial Real Estate Loans understands how long-term capital, leveraged correctly, can improve levered returns. We also understand the need to drive down interest costs and increase cash flow by maximizing amortizations. While many types of lenders offer permanent financing options, important differences lie in the details.
Life companies generally offer the most aggressive permanent financing, but they typically only consider Class A commercial assets in top markets. They also offer lower leverage and shorter amortizations. However, the longest fixed-rate loans are mostly fully amortizing.
CMBS loans start at just $2 million and offer the highest leverage, up to 75%, with the longest amortizations of up to 30 years. However, their spreads lead to higher rates than life company loans due to liquidity issues in secondary markets.
Banks traditionally offer a good blend of the previous two commercial loan options. For transactions of $25 million or more, lenders are generally more aggressive. At that size, pension funds and large institutional lenders may become involved as well.
2022 Commercial Mortgage Terms for Permanent Financing
Minimum Loan: $1 million
Term: Up to 10 years
Leverage: Up to 75% LTV
Amortization: 20 to 30 years
Recourse: Non-recourse options are available
Prepayment: Defeasance, step-down, or yield maintenance
Lenders offering permanent financing include:
National and regional banks
Private debt funds
Call protection (expensive prepayment penalties)
Limited ability to recapitalize (with sale or refinance)