What is an Assumable Loan in Commercial Real Estate?
In commercial real estate, an assumable loan is a loan that can be taken over by a buyer when the owner of the property sells. Determining whether or not a loan is assumable (and under what conditions it can be assumed by a new buyer) can be very important. Otherwise, an owner/investor could face significant prepayment penalties if they need to pay off the loan in order to sell the property.
Assumable Loans Typically Require Lender Approval
In most cases, if a loan is assumable, the new borrower/owner will still have to be approved by the lender. The lender needs to ensure the borrower has the financial means to repay the loan, and that they aren't going to be a serious financial risk. For some kinds of loans, such as HUD multifamily loans, having a new buyer assume a loan requires a small fee of between 0.05% and 1% of the original loan amount. In many situations, CMBS loans are also assumable for a small fee.